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ISSN 2415-8712 (Online)
   ISSN 1682-671X (Print)

OUN Activities in Harbin and the Visit of a Group of OUN Delegates to Japan in 1937: Hrihory Kupets’kyy and the Japanese

Heading: 
1Okabe, Y
1PhD (Economics) Kobe Gakuin University 518 Arise, Ikawadani-cho, Nishi-ku, Kobe, 651-2180, Japan, okabe@eb.kobegakuin.ac.jp
Shodoznavstvo 2021, 88:63-104
https://doi.org/10.15407/skhodoznavstvo2021.88.063
Section: History
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 

This paper analyses the Japan-Ukraine relations based on Japanese historical materials and rare photographs from the archives of the family of Hrihory Kupets’kyy, the leader of the OUN group that arrived in 1937 in Japan and Harbin. Kupets’kyy was involved in the 1932 attack on a Polish post office in Horodok, Lviv Oblast, by OUN members. We are aware of the contact between the OUN and representatives of the Japanese Embassy in Berlin in the 1930s and about the OUN’s plan to send delegates to Tokyo to create an anti-communist front. After the post office attack, Kupets’kyy fled to the island of Filicudi. In the Aeolian Islands, he underwent training at the camps of Croatian Ustasha nationalists. In accordance with a decision by the OUN leadership, which contacted the Japanese military attaché in Berlin, he was sent to Japan and Harbin with Hrihory Fayda and Mykhailo Hnativ. Kupets’kyy’s memoir “Place where the sun is rising” mentions the contact between the OUN delegates and the Japanese, about whom no detailed information has survived; therefore, we turned to Japanese historical sources (Manchurian “Official Register of Officials”, “Name Register of the Kwantung Army Intelligence Section”), due to which identified almost all Japanese. In the monographs of Ivan Svit and Kupets’kyy, entries titled “Inoue” feature Inoue Kikusaburo; therefore, we consider these entries in both works to be authentic. Relations between OUN delegates, members of the Ukrainian National House and UNC representatives were tense. This was because the arrival of the OUN group in Harbin coincided with escalation in the conflict between the supporters of independence and those seeking restoration of the Russian monarchy. The views of the Japanese leadership in Manchuria on the OUN and the attitude of the delegates differed. In the face of the growing threat of war with America, the Japanese-Soviet Neutrality Pact was signed, and in Harbin, the leadership tried to avoid conflict with the USSR. Global instability and the precarious situation in which Japan found itself triggered radical adjustments in Japan-Ukraine relations. Kupets’kyy and OUN representatives took an active part in the life of the Ukrainian community in Harbin.

Keywords: Hrihory Kupets’kyy, Japanese military mission, Japanese-Ukrainian history, Manchuria, OUN, Ukrainian diaspora

Повний текст (PDF)

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