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ISSN 2415-8712 (Online)
   ISSN 1682-671X (Print)

Ottoman-Ukrainian Realities of the Northern Black Sea Area in the 2nd part of the 17th–18th Centuries (by the Materials of Historical and Archaeological Researches)

Heading: 
1Biliaieva, S
1DSc (History) Professor, Senior Research Fellow Institute of Archaeology, NAS of Ukraine 12, Heroiv Stalingrada Str., Kyiv, 04210, Ukraine Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University 2, Sadova Str., Uman, 20300, Ukraine svitbil@ukr.net
Shodoznavstvo 2021, 88:39-62
https://doi.org/10.15407/skhodoznavstvo2021.88.039
Section: History
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: 

The article is devoted to actual problems in Ottoman-Ukrainian relations in the 17th –18th centuries. The important place in it is given to the process of colonization of the Northern Black Sea area by Ukrainian population. The main part of colonization belonged to the Cossacks, fortification of which was destroyed by Russian power and they had to ask permission of Crimean-Ottoman administration to settle and built their fortification on the territories which were under the power of the Ottomans. Archaeological investigation gave the facts of existence of new Cossacks settlements, such as Kamyanska and Oleshkivska Siches in Kherson region and resettlement of Ukrainian people which fled from serfdom. The regional specific of population is reflected in the ruins of other settlements and Cossacks fortifications. It presented the possibilities to realize the planning structure of monuments, the mode of life and material culture of inhabitants. The investigations gave the evidences of the growing of the settled population in different parts of the territory. The results of archaeological excavation fixed Ukrainian artifacts, such as typical Middle Dnieper region ceramic on the Ottoman monuments and typical Ottoman artifacts in Cossacks Siches. The important role in the spiritual life of population belongs to creation and activity of Brailiv metropolis of Constantinople patriarchate, which occupied large territory from Braila (Romania) to Tyagin settlement on the south-eastern part of Ukraine. The archaeological investigation in combination with written sources gave the evidences of the historical past and various forms of settlements on the territory of the cities proclaimed by the order of Russian empress Katherine II, such as Odesa, Kherson, Mariupol and others. The Russian Empire named the region of Northern Black Sea area as “Novorossia”, needed in development, in spite of historical truth and presence of numerous population of the region represented by many ethnic groups, with the great part of Ukrainians.

Keywords: Northern Black Sea area, Ottoman Empire, resettlement, Ukrainians

Повний текст (PDF)

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